Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours of the uterine muscle, and typically affect women between ages of 30 and 45. They can range in size from tiny (and undetectable to the human eye) to bulky masses that can enlarge and distort the uterus. They can also be single or multiple. As many as 3 out of 4 women have uterine fibroids at some time in their lives, but most of them remain unaware that they do as the fibroids do not cause any symptoms unless they are disproportionately large and are pressing against other organs. However, large fibroids can intrude the uterine cavity and may lead to miscarriage or infertility.
“Often, you can conceive even if you have fibroids, but their presence during the pregnancy increases your risk of early miscarriages. That’s why at Srushti, we recommend removing them before commencing any kind of fertility procedure.” – Dr. Divya Sivaram, Clinical Director in Infertility, Obstetrics & Gynaecology
In most cases, uterine fibroids are found incidentally during a routine pelvic examination. However, if fibroids are suspected, you might be asked to have an ultrasound to examine your uterine cavity. If the images from the ultrasound are insufficient, you may be asked to undergo other tests such as an MRI, Hysterosonography, Hysterosalpingography for more detailed images.
Fibroids are removed through a surgical procedure called a myomectomy. The procedure may be done in one of three ways – abdominal myomectomy, a laparoscopic myomectomy or a minimal invasive hysteroscopic myomectomy – depending on their size, number and location of the fibroids.